PPA characters for PULMONIC CONSONANTS of the International Phonetic Alphabet and other consonants
 N     Bilabial     Labiodental       Dental          Alveolar    Postalveolar   Retroflex        Palatal            Velar             Uvular        Pharyngeal       Glottal     
1
Plosive
Plosive
p
p
b
b
 
 
 
 
t
t
d
d
 
 
 
 
ʈ
ʈ
ɖ
ɖ
c
c
ɟ
ɟ
k
k
g
g
q
q
G
G
ʔ
ʔ
2
Nasal
Nasal
m
m
ɱ
ɱ
 
 
n
n
 
 
ɳ
ɳ
ɲ
ɲ
ŋ
ŋ
ɴ
ɴ
3
Trill
Trill
ʙ
ʙ
 
 
r
r
 
 
ʀ
ʀ
4
Tap or Flap
Tap or Flap
ɾ
ɾ
ɽ
ɽ
5
Fricative
Fricative
ɸ
ɸ
β
β
f
f
v
v
θ
θ
ð
ð
s
s
z
z
ʃ
ʃ
ʒ
ʒ
ʂ
ʂ
ʐ
ʐ
ç
ç
ʝ
ʝ
x
x
ɣ
ɣ
χ
χ
ʁ
ʁ
ħ
ħ
ʕ
ʕ
h
h
ɦ
ɦ
6
Lateral fricative
Lateral fricative
ɬ
ɬ
ɮ
ɮ
7
Approximant
Approximant
ʋ
ʋ
ɹ
ɹ
ɻ
ɻ
j
j
ɰ
ɰ
8
Lateral approximant
Lateral approximant
 
 
l
l
 
 
ɭ
ɭ
ʎ
ʎ
ʟ
ʟ
9
Affricate
Affricate
 
 
 
 
ts
ts
dz
dz
tʃ
dʒ